Repost by : Shakir Essa
PENTAGON — 04-09-2018
The United States is suspending aid for much of Somalia’s again over corruption concerns, U.S. officials confirmed to VOA on Sunday.
The suspension reflects the Somalia government repeated inability to account for aid items such as food, fuel and weapons, and also high corruption
A State Department official said the “pause” in aid is being made “to ensure that U.S. assistance is being used effectively and for its intended purpose.”
Somali security force members who are actively fighting al-Shabab and receiving some form of mentorship from either the U.S. or a third party will continue to receive appropriate assistance, the official said.
She added that the Somali prime minster has agreed to develop new accountability criteria that meet American standards, in order for other Somali units to receive U.S. assistance in a way that “builds greater transparency.”
“We don’t want to give away support that isn’t working and isn’t helping the counterterror fight,” another official said
According to documents obtained by the Reuters news agency, the Somali military has been unable to properly feed, pay or equip its soldiers, despite hundreds of millions of dollars of American support.
Plans to suspend the support will be a “big setback” to the effort by Somali security forces to fight against Al-Shabab, warns the former Somali defense minister, General Abdulkadir Ali Dini.
General Dini, who worked closely with American officials in Somalia for many years…first as chief of the Somali national army and later on as defense minister, says the decision did not come at the right time.
“If the United States suspends food, fuel and stipends, that will hamper the war and work against the enemy and terrorists,” he said. “It does not help these operations and it damages morale.”
General Dini says “mistakes” were made by successive administrations but that the fighting against terrorism is taking longer at a time when the Somali government does not have the capacity to build its own army.
“Mistakes happened but it should not be suspended,” he said, without elaborating further.
The time has come for Somali parliament to launch an impeachment investigation of president
#farmaajo and his prime minister khayre for obstruction of justice, this case was linked with dp world, and Qatar
“Whether it is devotion to principle or hunger for political survival that puts the prospect of impeachment and removal on the table, the crucial thing is that the prospect now be taken seriously.”
Now the country is faced with a President and his prime minister whose conduct strongly suggests that they poses a danger to national treason of government and also a dangerous political system.
Even without getting to the bottom of what the PM khayre dismissed as “this is ties with UAE and dp world ” impeachable offenses could theoretically have been charged from the outset of this presidency. One important example is khayre”s brazen defiance of the foreign emoluments clause, which is designed to prevent foreign powers from pressuring somalia. officials to stray from undivided loyalty to the Somalia. Political reality made impeachment and removal on that and other grounds seem premature.
No longer. To wait for the results of the multiple investigations underway is to risk tying somalia nation’s fate to the whims of an authoritarian leader.
Jawaari summary resignation will not stop the inquiry, yet it represented an obvious effort to interfere with a probe involving somali government matters vastly more serious than the “khayre met dp world manager in dubai”
Even Qatar is a dangerous that controled all terrorist activities in Somalia
#Farmaajo and khayre accompanied that confession with self-serving — and manifestly false — assertions about having been assured by jawaari that khayre himself was not under investigation. By farmaajo’s own account, he asked jawaari about thier investigative status (dp world) even as he was conducting the equivalent in which jawaari sought to retain his position as parliament speaker.
Further reporting suggests that the encounter was even more sinister, with khayre insisting that jawaari pledge “loyalty” to him in order to retain his job. Khayre was met with dp world manager in Dubai, the president turned to the media with a none-too-subtle threat that jawaari would regret any decision to disseminate his version of his conversations with khayre — something that jawaari has every right, and indeed a civic duty, to do.
It will require serious commitment to constitutional principle, and courageous willingness to put devotion to the somali government interest above self-interest and party loyalty, for a parliament of the president’s own parliament members to initiate an impeachment inquiry. It would be a terrible shame if only the speaker of house ( jawari) resigned
Farmaajo and khayre they must go
Shakir Essa –The voice of the voiceless community
Somali security officials said they have seized a large cache of money that arrived Sunday at Mogadishu airport from Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Two senior security officials told VOA Somali three suitcases containing $9.6 million have been put In storage in the central bank of Somalia pending an investigation.
Another security official said Ambassador Mohammed Ahmed Othman Al Hammadi, UAE envoy to Mogadishu, was at the airport to receive the money.
The official said Al Hammadi’s entourage tried to take the money out of the airport but were instructed by security forces to have the bags scanned.
“The ambassador refused, walked back to the plane with three bags, and counterterrorism units confiscated the three bags,” said the officer who requested anonymity.
The Royal Jet plane has since been released.
Al Hammadi told VOA Somali the money was not intended for the UAE embassy. “The money is for the ministry of defense. It’s for the salary of the Somali soldiers,” he told VOA.
He said the government knew in advance that the money was coming for the troops. The UAE has been training Somali soldiers in Mogadishu, as well as about 1,000 maritime police in the Puntland region.
Somali officials argue the money was not intended for the Somali army. “The salary for the army is less than $1 million. This is almost $10 million,” the official said.
“I’m certain that they have been informed not to bring money. The onus is on us to respond,” the official said. He added that an investigation will determine whether the money was brought in to “destabilize” the country.
Relations between Somalia and the UAE have been frosty since last year when the government of Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed resisted pressure to cut ties with Qatar and took a neutral position on a dispute between Saudi Arabia and Qatar.
Last month, the Somali government rejected an agreement between the UAE’s Dubai World, Somaliland and Ethiopia over Berbera port, saying the deal violates the territorial integrity of Somalia.”
Somali officials said a foreign country believed to be Saudi Arabia has agreed to mediate between Somalia and UAE. It is unclear if there were direct talks between the two countries.
According to Somali diplomatic sources, late last month the Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs summoned Al Hammadi and explained its position on the port agreement, as well as a separate military agreement between Somaliland and UAE to build a military base in Berbera.
Group of Somali women and girls at the Clark Street police station]
- COLLECTION IDDN-0065091
- CREATOR NAMESChicago Daily News, Inc., photographer.
- TITLE[Group of Somali women and girls at the Clark Street police station] [graphic].
- DATESca. 1915 Aug. 30.
- PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION1 negative : b&w, glass ; 4 x 5 in.
- ACCESS AND USAGE RESTRICTIONSRestriction: Original negatives are fragile and not available to researchers. Please consult the on-line image instead.
- COLLECTION SUMMARYGroup portrait of Somali women and girls and a white woman, girl, and men sitting on and standing near a couch at the Clark Street Police Station in Chicago, Illinois.
- TERMS GOVERNING USE AND REPRODUCTIONThe online images are supplied for reference purposes only. All other uses are restricted. To acquire copies, including improved copies, or permission for use, please contact Chicago History Museum, Rights and Reproductions Dept., 1601 N. Clark Street, Chicago, IL 60614.
- Clark Street Police Station (Chicago, Ill.)
- Chicago (Ill.). Police Department Officials and employees.
- Somalis Illinois Chicago 1910-1919. lctgm
- Women Illinois Chicago 1910-1919. lctgm
- Girls Illinois Chicago 1910-1919. lctgm
- Police Illinois Chicago 1910-1919. lctgm
- GEOGRAPHIC COVERAGEChicago (Ill.) 1910-1919.
- Group portraits. gmgpc
- Dry plate negatives. gmgpc
- Gelatin dry plate negatives. aat
- GEOGRAPHIC NAMEUnited States Illinois Cook County Chicago.
Former Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn sent shock waves through the region when he abruptly tendered his resignation.
Desalegn said that he had made the decision to facilitate efforts towards political reforms which started with the release of political prisoners. But rather than pursue a reform agenda, the Ethiopian government followed his announcement by declaring a state of emergency. This not only jeopardises the regime’s apparent intent to institute democratic reforms, it also pits citizens against the security forces. And it’s already led to more violence, not stability.
The state of emergency is being defied in a number of regions. Citizens have protested in Gondar, which is in the opposition Amhara region, as well as the opposition stronghold of Nekemte which is in Oromia. Much of the Oromia region is also defying the emergency measures.
As a result, the regime has targeted the Oromia region, and its protesting youths who are collectively known as Qeerro in the Oromo language.
Despite the release of thousands of political prisoners and talk of reforms, the political climate remains more uncertain than ever. It’s now feared that any government measures to suppress ensuing chaos could result in more violence, and deaths.
Instability in Ethiopia could have repercussions across the region. Unrest in the country could have a domino effect in what is an already volatile part of the continent. It could also affect regional peace efforts because instability in one corner of the Horn of Africa could spread and destabilise the entire region. This is especially the case because Ethiopia is home to so many cross border communities.
Implications for the region
Ethiopia is influential in the region and across the continent. It is the second most populous country in Africa and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It also hosts the African Union’s headquarters in its capital, Addis Ababa.
But its standing has been diminished by the political turmoil of the last few years when two of its largest ethnic groups, the Oromo and Amhara both started demanding political and economic equality. The ruling coalition’s responses to these demands has highlighted the fact that it isn’t committed to democratisation.
The risks for the region are significant. Unless the regime acts on political reforms to entrench democracy, equal distribution of resources and freedom of the press, Ethiopia – with more than 100 million citizens – could emerge as the largest politically unstable nation in an already volatile region.
An unstable Ethiopia could also affect peace efforts in neighbouring countries. For example, it’s role as a long standing mediator in the South Sudanese peace talks could suffer a setback.
And its army is also the only peacekeeping force in Abiye, an oil rich region that has been at the centre of the conflict between Sudan and South Sudan since 2011.
In addition, Ethiopia is second only to Bangladesh in the number of its troops involved in international peacekeeping. Across its South Eastern borders, it also maintains thousands of troops inside Somalia.
And although its role in Somalia has drawn criticism Ethiopia remains a critical ally to the US’s counter terrorism strategy in the region. Instability could also create a power vacuum that could affect the US-led anti-terror strategy.
Ultimately, an internal crisis in Ethiopia will affect the power balance with its arch rival Eritrea. After the Ethiopia-Eritrea war which ended in 2000, the two countries have remained engaged in a proxy war by supporting each others’ political opposition groups.
Most African states share cross-border societies. The Horn of Africa is no different. The Oromo for instance are a majority ethnic group in Ethiopia and also a minority in Kenya. The Nuer are South Sudan’s second largest ethnic group and also a minority in Ethiopia’s western Gambella region.
There are also Somalis in Ethiopia. They m
Three men charged with plotting to bomb an apartment complex in western Kansas, where Muslim immigrants from Somalia lived and had a mosque, wanted to kill as many as possible and send a message they were not welcome in the United States, a prosecutor said on Thursday.
ABU DHABI — The United Arab Emirates (UAE) will train Somaliland security forces as part of a deal to establish a military base in the semi-autonomous region, Somaliland’s president said on Thursday.
UAE government officials could not immediately be reached for comment – but the UAE has committed to invest hundreds of million dollars in recent years in the territory on a strategically important stretch of coastline on the Gulf of Aden.
The UAE began construction last year of a base on a site at the airport of the Somaliland port city Berbera, and will be allowed to maintain a presence for 30 years. Berbera is less than 300 km (190 miles) south of war-torn Yemen, where UAE troops are fighting rebels as part of a Saudi-backed coalition.
President Muse Bihi Abdi said the UAE would train police and military in Somaliland, which wants independence from war-torn Somalia but is not recognized internationally. He said he expected the agreement to be finalised within two months
“They have the resources and the knowledge,” Abdi told Reuters in an interview in Abu Dhabi.
UAE has become more assertive in its foreign policy in recent years. The UAE Armed Forces have been fighting in the Yemen conflict since 2015 and in the past deployed in international operations including Kosovo and Afghanistan.
Abdi said the military base, which he expects will be completed this year, will guarantee economic development and security for Somaliland and act as a deterrent to extremist groups in the region.
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Somaliland’s Foreign Minister, Saad Ali Shire, who was present during the interview, declined to disclose how many UAE soldiers would be stationed at the base.
Several regional powers have set up military bases along the Horn of Africa coastline, including Turkey in Somalia’s capital. The United States, China, Japan and France all have bases in neighboring Djibouti.
“It’s safer to have a lot of military in the area,” Abdi said.
Abdi said he hoped UAE investments, including a new civilian airport and a road connecting Berbera to landlocked Ethiopia, will lead to a “huge creation of employment” in Somaliland where unemployment is rampant.
“The biggest threat to Somaliland is poverty,” he said.
Dubai’s DP World is also developing Berbera port and building a free trade zone nearby.
This week, Somalia’s parliament voted to ban DP World from the country, an act that it said had nullified the agreement.
Abdi said the vote was a “joke” and a “political mistake” that would have no impact on the DP World agreement that includes the government of Ethiopia
Somaliland broke away from Somalia in 1991 and has acted as a de-facto state since then..
Abdi also said he expected the UAE would make a hard currency deposit into Somaliland’s central bank but added that there had been no agreement between the two sides.
(Reporting by Alexander Cornwell; Editing by Maggie Fick and Andrew Heaven
I’ve taken ‘
unrecognised’ to mean any country that is not recognised by every other country (which expands the list a bit).
- , recognised by no other state. Originally British Somaliland, it become independent and merged with Italian Somaliland in 1960. Later it declared independence in 1991 and withdrew from being part of Somalia.
- , recognised by three non-UN member states. Declared independence from in 1992. It is wholly within Azerbaijan, but is not controlled by it.
- , recognised by three non-UN member states. Declared independence from Moldova in 1990. It is separated from Moldova by a large river.
- , recognised by 6 UN members. De facto independent of Georgia since 1999, but still claimed as part of Georgia.
- and (sometimes together called ) – two separatist areas in eastern Ukraine, recognised only by South Ossetia.
- ( ), recognised by 22 UN members and the Vatican. Claims to be the de jure government of China.
- , recognised by 99 UN members. Claimed by Serbia but has been administered by the EU and the UN since the 1990s. Now has a government but it is poorly recognised internationally.
- Northern , recognised by Turkey. Illegally declared independence and is claimed by Cyprus.
- , recognised by 132 UN members and Somaliland. Israel does not recognise Palestine and controls some of Palestine’s claimed territory.
- Sahrawi, recognised by 84 countries and is a member of the African Union. It claims most of Western Sahara, which is controlled by Morocco. Currently governs in exile in Algeria.
- , recognised by 5 UN members. De facto independent of Georgia since 1991, but continues to be claimed as Georgian territory.
- , not recognised by Pakistan. Pakistan does not recognise Armenia because Armenia supports Nagorno-Karabakh and Pakistan did not because of Pakistan’s support for Azerbaijan.
- , unrecognised by any country but controls large swathes of territory in northern Iraq and Syria.
- , not recognised by the 22 countries that recognise Taiwan. The United Nations only accepts the People’s Republic of China as the government of China.
- , not recognised by Turkey or Northern Cyprus.
- , 32 countries do not recognise Israel. Israeli territory is also claimed by Palestine, which does recognise Israel.
- , not recognised by North Korea, claims to be the sole government of Korea.
- , not recognised by South Korea, claims to be the sole government of Korea.
These are former de jure or de facto countries that still ‘exist’ to an extent. This includes governments in exile and other organisations.
- , does not claim statehood or independence, but has diplomatic relations with 104 other countries.
- , government is in exile and claims some territory, but has no control over it nor is it recognised by any other nation.
- , Taliban government that claims Afghanistan, currently in exile since 2001.
- , claims part of Indonesia since the 1950s, currently in exile in the Netherlands.
- , claims to be resurrecting the nation of Biafra, which is currently part of Nigeria. In exile in Washington.
- , currently in exile in Belgrade, claims part of Croatia which it controlled for a short period of time before Croatian independence.
- Federated Shan States, in exile, wants to create an independent state for the Shan ethnic group in Burma.
- Western Kurdistan, wants to create a Kurdish state in Syria, in exile in London.
- East Turkistan, claims independence from Xinjiang in western China, in exile in Washington.
- , claimed to be independent by Chechens government in exile in London.
- , declared independence on 31st December 1999 from Cameroon, currently in exile.
- , aims to create an independent Kurdish state in Turkey.
- , claims independence from Angola Currently in exile in the Congo.
- , claims an independent West Papua, which is currently controlled by Indonesia. In exile in the Netherlands.
- , seeks Tamil independence from Sri Lanka, in exile.
UAE is required to send official invitations to all Arab countries for the Arab League summit, which will be held this year in Saudi Arabia,
United arab Emirates will recognize
For Somaliland as independent nation from Somalia,
The relatively stable Somaliland declared its independence in 1991 following the fall of the Siad Barre regime but has remained in a limbo with no recognition from the world nation’s