Category Archives: Somalia

 U.S. military says it conducted two airstrikes in central Somalia Wednesday 21-11-18 killing a total of 47 al-Shabab militants.

00300116_d45789ca883534392b34a0369e96e14d_arc614x376_w614_us1.png U.S. military says it conducted two airstrikes in central Somalia Wednesday killing a total of 47 al-Shabab militants.

A statement issued by the U.S. Africa Command Tuesday said the first strike killed 37 militants. Africa Command described the attack as a “planned and deliberate action.”

It says a second strike on the same day killed another 10 Shabab militants. The statement said the airstrikes did not kill or injure civilians.

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Locals told VOA Somali that the strikes targeted al-Shabab vehicles and militias.

In October, another U.S. airstrike in the vicinity of Harardhere killed at least 60 al-Shabab militants.

According to a count by VOA Somali, the U.S. has carried out about 30 airstrikes against al-Shabab this year, killing more than 200 militants.

Al-Shabab, an affiliate of al-Qaida, is trying to overthrow the Somali government and turn Somalia into a strict Islamic state.

U.S. airstrikes have killed numerous al-Shabab leaders over the years, including the group’s former emir Ahmed Godane in September 2014.

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37 Alshabaab fighters have been killed and more than 47 others wounded in an airstrike on Saturday 11pmEst 25-11-2018

37 Alshabaab fighters have been killed and more than 47 others wounded in an airstrike on Saturday evening.

According to official Somali National News Agency (SONNA) the attack targeted meeting of the militants in Hargeysa Yarey in the middle Juba region of Somalia at 11PM local time on Saturday.

SONNA said top Al Qaida linked group officials including Daahir Gacmay, Abdirahman Takar, Sayid Dheere, Abdullahi Rabbi and among others were in the meeting during the attack.

No confirmation or denial from US Africa command press department on the attack reportedly carried out by its aircraft.

US drone attacks constantly target alshabaab fighters in Somalia.

Drone strike killed group leader Ahmed Godane on September 2014.

Last week group’s convoy was destroyed by suspected US strike in Galmudug region of Somalia.

The number of casualties or scale of damage is still unclear.

The secret diplomatic relation between isreal and somalilan

Israel and Somaliland have much in common.

Israel faces many adversaries that don’t recognize it or its right to self-determination; Somaliland is also unrecognized as a state by most countries.
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Both share a history with Britain. The British defeated the Ottoman Empire, captured Palestine and later established treaties with the Jewish people in Israel. Somaliland tribal leaders granted the British a protectorate in the territory that would became British Somaliland and subsequently gained independence on June 26, 1960. Israel was first of 34 countries, including the United States, to recognize Somaliland.

Somaliland, which joined South Somalia in a union that lasted until 1991, finds itself politically isolated, in the middle of a hostile region threatened by a sinister and pernicious enemy in the form of encroaching religious extremism. With a population of four million, Somaliland faces hard-line opposition from wider Somalia, with population of 10 million. Israel is perceived as enemy to Arab world with an estimated population of 400 million and economic power of $2.5 trillion a year. Somaliland and Israel face significant opposition and near total rejection of the 22 nations of the Arab world who support the positions of Somalia and Palestinian Arabs, respectively.

Despite overwhelming obstacles, both Somaliland and Israel are beating the odds. Israel is one of the most developed nations in the Middle East and the world, with per capita annual income of $42k and thriving and sophisticated industries. Israeli technology and corporations are pioneers of advanced research and development in the world. Although Israel is situated in semi-desert land that has little potential for agriculture, they have reached 90% food security.

Somaliland, unrecognized by most countries and with limited foreign direct investment, has a flourishing private sector economy, highly advanced telecom, digital economy, peace and stability and democratic processes rare in Africa. It is the only Muslim democracy in the horn of Africa and maintains cordial diplomatic relationships with Western powers and African nations.

Somaliland needs investment, technology and know-how. It has an abundance of resources, such as oil and gas, and strategic positioning that add to its geopolitical prowess. As Israel warms up its relationships with the Arab world and Africa, and Somaliland can a potential ally and friend that can fulfill a strategic Israeli goal – a loyal Muslim ally in the Red Sea region.
Somaliland needs a strong partner that has little to lose in maintaining strong support with Hargeisa, our capital. Alleged Russian interest in establishing a military base in Somaliland, albeit a potential positive development, threatens Somaliland’s close relationship with Washington and the EU, thus Israel stands as a key missing piece in Somaliland puzzle.

The government of Israel has shown interest in restoring the de jure recognition it offered to Somaliland in 1960, considering its role in the geopolitics of the Red Sea and the Horn. According to a local source, Golisnews, Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Yigal Palmor has said his government is ready to recognize Somaliland again. Similar sentiment is shown in Somaliland, where influential people, academics, businessmen, civil society organizations and government officials are overwhelmingly in support of a close relationship with Tel Aviv.

The warm attitude toward Israel is not new. M. Haji Ibrahim Egal, the first prime minister of Somaliland, tirelessly solicited Israel’s support, addressing that very issue in a letter to former Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin in 1995.

Given the status of both states and their struggle for statehood and recognition, it is high time Israel and Somaliland renew their diplomatic relationship and mutual cooperation.

The writer is a liberal student and entrepreneur based in Somaliland.

The extraordinary success story, this story can change your mind

It was no ordinary test for Mubarik Mohamoud. As the first student from the Abaarso School of Science and Technology to be accepted into an American school, Mubarik could create untold opportunities for his schoolmates with a successful transition to Worcester Academy.

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On the other hand, if he stumbled, his peers’ hopes might be dashed.

Jonathan Starr, a former hedge fund manager who started Abaarso eight years ago in the breakaway African republic of Somaliland, chuckles as he recalls his demanding expectations for Mubarik. When he learned that his prize student was worried “the entire future is on his shoulders,” he responded, “Good! He’s been listening.”

Starr, who lives in Westborough with his wife and baby daughter, spent four years in Somaliland building a high school campus out of the unforgiving rubble on the outskirts of the capital city, Hargeisa. He has just published a book, “It Takes a School: The Extraordinary Story of an American School in the World’s No. 1 Failed State,” about his rash decision to bring a rigorous education to the former region of Somalia, and the remarkable group of teachers and students who brought that vision to reality.

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By his early 30s, Starr had amassed significant wealth and achievement as a systems savant for Fidelity Investments and later with his own hedge fund, Cambridge-based Flagg Street Capital. But he still felt a nagging desire to do something meaningful with his life.

While working in finance, he volunteered as a Boys and Girls Club basketball coach. After leading a winning season with an underskilled team from the suburbs, he jumped to another club closer to Boston, where the players were more talented. But they were growing up in dysfunction.

“The kids lived such chaotic lives; we had no shot,” Starr says.

It was a hard-earned lesson: Create a positive, pervasive culture, and success would follow. But how and where?

A movie buff, he was drawn to inspirational classroom films like “Stand and Deliver,” the 1988 story of East Los Angeles math teacher Jaime Escalante. And for some time, he writes in his book, he had harbored an idea “to start a school for really talented kids who have great potential that will otherwise go wasted.’’

He was aware of the challenges of students in Somaliland because he has an aunt who married a man from there. Growing up, he loved playing Somali card games on family vacations with his beloved Uncle Billeh, who worked for the United Nations. In 2008, it all came together.

When Starr first set out to find a location for his project, he had no experience building a school — or even teaching, for that matter. He would become the school’s first headmaster, turning over the reins to his assistant in 2015. What he did have, besides determination, was money: He initially put forth $500,000 and to date he’s funneled nearly twice that into the school.

When he first arrived in Somaliland, almost all of the republic’s schools had been destroyed or run into the ground by the Somali civil war. Covering grades 7-12, Abaarso, named for the town the school is in, now serves 212 students on its walled, multibuilding campus. Acceptance is competitive. The staff has grown to about two dozen teachers who come from various corners of the world. They each wear several hats and earn a nominal salary — about $3,000 for the school year. They do it for one reason, Starr says — pride in a job well done.

And there is much to be proud of. To date, Abaarso has placed more than 80 students in international boarding schools or colleges.

Mubarik graduated from Worcester Academy — Starr’s alma mater — in 2013. This spring, after majoring in electrical engineering and computer science, he’ll graduate from M.I.T. Having specialized in autonomous robotics, he’d like to help engineer driverless cars. It’s an astounding trajectory for a boy who grew up in a world so rural, he mistook the first motor vehicles he saw to be some kind of bizarre domesticated animal.

“I do not feel exceptional,” says Mubarik, “but I do feel lucky.”

For Starr, his belief in the young people of Somaliland was simply a practical matter.

“If you get the kids to see it’s actually worth investing in their future,” he says, “then they’ll do well.”

Because Somaliland is considered an autonomous region of Somalia, the Trump administration’s recent ban on travel from seven mostly Muslim nations — including Somalia — has plunged the Abaarso community into a spiral of uncertainty.

“It definitely makes me nervous,” says Mubarik, speaking on the phone recently during a break in his studies. “But I am hopeful.”

Starr frets that the travel ban could mean Abaarso will have to stop sending its best students to America for college. If he could show Mubarik’s progress to the president and his administration, he says — in fact, the school’s story is scheduled to be featured in an upcoming “60 Minutes” segment — he believes they would recognize the need to make exemptions.

Though he has returned to Massachusetts to start his own family, Starr still spends several weeks each school year at Abaarso. He continues to work full time, and then some, on behalf of the school, planning, fund-raising, and advocating for its students at American colleges and boarding schools.

Besides Mubarik, four other students from Abaarso’s inaugural year are set to graduate from American universities this spring. One of them, an intensely goal-oriented young woman named Nimo Ismail, is completing her studies at Oberlin College.

“She’s known I want her to be the attorney general of Somaliland for so long,” says Starr.

At least two of the graduating seniors plan to return to Abaarso to join the faculty. For Starr, that’s a milestone he’s been eagerly awaiting.

Mubarik may stay in the United States to work toward his master’s degree, or he might go back to help introduce more Somaliland kids to computers. Either way, Starr wants all the students his school sends overseas to become the future of their homeland.

“Here he can be great,” he says. “There, he can be king.”

You can buy at #Amazon the completed story book

Check this out: It Takes a School: The Extraordinary Success Story That Is Chang… https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01F1YMKF2/ref=cm_sw_r_sms_awdo_t1_tWfTBbW4KJTAM

Djibouti ‘Shocked’ By Somalia’s Position on Eritrea Sanctions

Djibouti ‘Shocked’ By Somalia’s Position on Eritrea Sanctions
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africatimes| August 1, 2018

Djibouti has formally responded to a recent call by Somalia that United Nations Security Council (UNSC) sanctions on Eritrea be lifted. According to Djibouti it was ‘deeply shocked’ by that position.

Somali president Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed on a three-day official visit to Asmara said the sanctions imposed since 2009 had to be lifted given the current political and diplomatic developments in the Horn of Africa region.

But in a statement in reaction to the Somali president’s view, the Djiboutian Embassy in Somalia wrote in an August 1, 2018 statement:

… it is unacceptable to see our brotherly Somalia supporting Eritrea which is occupying part of our territory and still denying having Djiboutian prisonsers.

“As a sovereign state, there is no doubt that Somalia has the right to establish diplomatic relations with the countries of the region, however, it is unacceptable to see our brotherly Somalia supporting Eritrea which is occupying part of our territory and still denying having Djiboutian prisonsers.”

It continued that the wiser line of action would have been for President Mohamed to call for peaceful resolution of the border crisis that has strained relations between the two neighbours.

The statement accused Somalia of historic less support of Djibouti which it said had led to blinded supported for Eritrea plus an advocacy that Eritrea be free despite its stubborn nature.

“We will not tolerate with ruthless talks while our young men and women are yet here defending Somalia’s peace and stability,” the statement concluded.

Eritrea’s 2009 UN sanctions, Gulf crisis and Doumeira impasse

An arms embargo imposed on Eritrea since 2009 was chiefly to do with its alleged support for Somali insurgent group Al-Shabaab but also because of its agression against Djibouti and refusal to enter any form of mediation over the disputed regions.

The disputed land in question is the Dumeira mountain and Dumeira island which Djibouti claims is being illegally occupied by Eritrea. The issue of Eritrea’s continued holding of Djiboutian prisoners has also been central to the dispute.

The last time tensions between the two came to the fore was in June 2017 when Qatar withdrew its peacekeeping force in the area at the height of the Gulf Crisis. Djibouti at the time accused Asmara of deploying soldiers to the disputed areas.

Djibouti ‘shocked’ by Somalia’s position on Eritrea sanctions

Eritrea has been in the news recently over the peace deal it entered into with neighbouring Ethiopia after two decades of severed ties and hostility over a border ruling. Addis Ababa through PM Abiy accepted to respect the 2002 border ruling and by that agreed to restore all ties with Eritrea.

Abiy signed a five-point end of war agreement with Eritrean leader Isaias Afwerki during a historic visit to Asmara. Afwerki reciprocated the gesture with a three-day visit to Addis Ababa.

Source: http://www.africanews.com/2018/08/01/djibouti-shocked-by-somalia-s-position-on-eritrea-sanctions/

#Kenyan security forces used live bullets in #somali civilians #baladxaawo

#Somalia: #Kenya security forces used live bullets on Somali civilians near border fence in Beled-hawo town, amid tension builds up in the town.FB_IMG_1521961690327

Three American men charged with plotting to bomb Somali’ans, in Kansas

Three men charged with plotting to bomb an apartment complex in western Kansas, where Muslim immigrants from Somalia lived and had a mosque, wanted to kill as many as possible and send a message they were not welcome in the United States, a prosecutor said on Thursday.

Breaking news:UAE has accepted somaliland passport

DUBAI– The United Arab Emirates has accepted citizens traveling with Somaliland passport can enter to it’s country and further allowed that the UAE can issue visas with Somaliland travel documents.

First, people who will be allowed to travel to the UAE are those holding Somaliland diplomatic passport in the first place. Second, business people are permitted to go the UAE with Somaliland passport. Third, anyone holding with Somaliland passport can travel to the UAE.

Reports confirm that this has been facilitated by FlyDubai airways which has recently started direct flights to Somaliland. This is an important diplomatic step taken in the right direction. The UAE has banned people traveling with Somali passport cannot enter into her country.

Citizens with Somaliland travel document can go to the following countries:-

1- South Africa

2- Ethiopia

3- Djibouti

4- Belgium

5- United Kingdom

6 – France

7- South Sudan

8- Kenya

Somaliland is a broke away republic that seceded from Somalia in 1991 but it has not been recognized.

Turkey, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya have diplomatic office in Hargeisa.

Muuse biixi oo u hanjabay farmaajo

Muuse biixi oo farmaajo u hanjabay

Ethiopia sidee ku yeelatay 19% Xaqiiqda halkan ka ogow

SAAMIGA 19% WAXA UU KU YIMI SIYAASADDA GANACSI EE ITOOBIYA AY MANDAQADDA KA CIYAARTO EE LOO YAQAAN ‘’BARGAINING CHIP’’ OO WEHESHANEYSA SHAXDA GANACSI EE SOMALILAND AY LA TIMI EE LOO YAQAAN ‘’EQUITY DEAL’’.

Inkasta oo heshiiska saamilayda ah ee maalgalinta dekedda Berbera aannu ahayn mid shalayto curtay – haddana in badani waxa ay su’aal ka keentay sida ay Itoobiya ku heshay saamiga 19% ah ee maalgalinta Berbera. Dadka sida tan u fekerayaa waxa ay ku doodayaan; Itoobiya badda ma leh, $442 milyan ee maalgalinta ahna ma leh, bilowgii heshiiskana qayb kama ay ahayn ee maxaa hadda keenay in hal mar saami intan le’eg ay la sare kacdo?

Isweyddiinta su’aalaha kan labo ammuurood ayaa keenay aniga aragtidayda; tan hore waa in dadka Soomaalida ahi meel wal oo ay joogaan shaki badan ka qabaan Itoobiya. Abwaan, sheekh iyo qof qalin Soomaali wax ugu qaraa wax uu ku yeedhaamo ayaa jira oo aannu caddayn badan na u hayn! Waa in ay Itoobiya qabsan karto Soomaalida oo ay dhulkooda si fudud u la wareegi karto. Arrintani si wal oo siyaasadda, amniga iyo dhaqaalaha mandaqadda loo gu suureeyo ma aha mid suuro-gal noqon karta.

Yeelkeed, in badan oo Soomaali ah odhaahda tan dhegta ayaa loo gu riday. Sida ay tahay in loo ga masaxaana ma aha si fudud – oo wadaad iyo waran leh hawshaa qayb weyn ayey ka qaateen. Sidoo kale dawladaha Carabta – gaar ahaan Masar ayaa aad u ga hawl gashay tan iyo 1964 ilaa iyo maanta – aakhirkiina maskaxda Soomaalida xoolo dhaqatada ah aad ayey ugu duxday oo waa ay ku xarkaktay.

Arrinta labaad waa in Somaliland aaney si sax ah u soo bandhigin marnaba heshiiska ay DP World la gashay nuqulkiisa saxda ah. In aad loo ga shaki qabo in laaluush iyo musuq badani ku jiray habka heshiiska loo bixiyey ka dib markii ay aad ugu tartameen shariikadaha Balore oo Faransiis ah iyo DP World oo Imaaraadka la ga leeyahay oo labaduba aad u daneynayey maalgashiga Berbera.

Ammuurtan danbe waa mid maangal ah oo aniga qudhaydu aan aad u la qabo dadka sida weyn u ga biyo diiddan in heshiiska saxda ah la soo bandhigi kari waayo. Inkasta oo ay xukuumadda Somaliland ee Kulmiye ku andacooneyso in heshiisku aannu qarsoodi ku ahayn xafiisyada sharciga ee caalamka.

Isla markaana la gu heshiisyey heshiiska ganacsiga iyo maalgashiga ee sharciga Ingiriiska (The International Governing Law of Business Transactions World Wide) ee loo yaqaan ‘’English Law’’. Sababta se keentay in aan Somaliland loo soo bandhigini ay tahay cadowga Somaliland oo aad u faro badan awgii.

Yeelkeed, aan u galno sababta keentay in Itoobiya ay hesho saami 19% ah oo in badan oo waddankooda jeceli ay ka murugaysan yihiin – la na anfariirsan yihiin waxa xigi kara.

Itoobiya waa dal bilaa bad ah, dhaqaalihiisu aad u kobcayo, dadkiisuna ay aad u tiro badan yihiin. Waa dal aad wax u dhoofiya, leh maraakiib badan oo uu wax ku daabusho, suuqa adduunyadana meel weyn ku leh. Jabuuti waxa ay maalgashiga ku heshay waa in ay la jaar tahay Itoobiya. Somaliland iyana waa la mid oo xiisaha gaarka ahi waa tirada dad ee Itoobiya ee u baahan wax ay la soo degaan iyo xoogga waxsoosaar ee ay dhoofiso.

Sidaa oo ay tahay, haddana Itoobiya oo bilaa bad ahi go’doon kuma jirto. Waxa ay la jaar tahay Kenya oo bad leh masaafo ahaan na u jirta 1,821.9 km. Inkasta oo aaney wakhtiga kan heshiis ahayn waxa ay la jaar tahay Eritrea oo bad leh, masaafo ahaan na u jirta 878.8 km. Waxa ay la jaar tahay Sudan oo bad leh, masaafo ahaan na u jirta 1,842.2 km. Waxa ay la jaar tahay Soomaaliya oo bado badan leh, masaafo ahaan na u jirta 1,676.2 km. Ugu danbeyn, waxa ay la jaar tahay Somaliland oo ay masaafo ahaan baddeeda u jirto 916.0 km.

Itoobiya waxa ay haysataa bado ku xeersan oo dhammaantood dalal faqri ahi leeyihiin. Marka la ga reebo Eritrea oo ay wakhtigan is hayaan – inkasta oo ay xilli walba heshiin karaan – dhammaan dalalka kale mid aan Itoobiya kala hadal in uu la diyaar yahay baddiisa in ay wax kala soo degto kana dhoofiso ma jiro. Wakhtigan Jabuuti oo ah tan ugu dhaw, ayey Itoobiya kala soo degtaa, kana dhoofisaa 96%. Jabuuti, waxa ay cashuurta 45% ka dhintay Itoobiya 2017. Cashuur dhimistani waxa ay ku soo begantay markii ay ogaatay in Berberi culays tahay.

Waxa kale oo Jabuuti u dhammaystiran gabi ahaan adeeggii dekedi ay lahayd iyo agabkii adeegga fulinayey (waddo baabuur iyo jid tareen). Suuqa ay Somaliland dekeddeeda Berberi ku hirdameysaa waa kaa walaalayaal. Marka ay noqoto dhanka amniga Jabuuti waa dal amniga dhulkiisa ay dammaanad qaadeen Faransiis, waxa kale oo kaalmeeyey Maraykan, Jarmal, Jabaaniis, Sucuudi iyo Shiinaha oo hadda ku soo wajahan – kana dhisanaya saldhiggii abid ugu weynaa ee dunida saddexaad la ga dhiso. Ma jiro dal Somaliland amnigiisa dammaanad qaaday – ku darso oo la ma na aqoonsana!

Xaal marka uu sidaa yahay – Somaliland maxaa la gudboon, ileen in dhaqaalaheennu uu koro, nolosha dadkeennu hagaagto, adduunyada masaalax ku yeelanno oo aynnu mandaqadda wax ka qabsanno waa u la ga ma maarmaan eh? Sidee se ay ku suuro-gali kartaa in aad Itoobiya oo haysata intaas oo dekedood, Jabuutina ay 45% cashuur dhaaf ah u sameysay markii DP World ay Berbera timi – in aad ku qanciso in ay dekeddaada timaaddo oo ay xajmi weyn oo dhaqaale ahaan ku anfaca ay kala soo degto?

Saw ma aha in aad turub siyaasadeed oo xirfad badan aad ciyaarto? Mise waa in aad kuududsataa oo aad Allahaa sugtaa adiga oo gamcaha iyo lugaha isku seetaynaya? Si aaney sida tani u dhicin Somaliland feker ayey la timi waana kan saamiga 19% ahi ku yimi si ay u la tartanto dhammaan dekedaha hungurigu ka hayo in ay Itoobiya saamigeeda ugu weyn ay dekedaheeda kala soo degto kana dhoofisato. Somaliland, waxa ay arrintan darteed u ga tanaasushay 5% saamigeedii hore ee ahaa 35% halka ay DP World iyana u ga tanaasushay 14% saamigeedii hore ee ahaa 65%.

Ciyaarta ay Somaliland ciyaartay waxa la yidhaa ‘’Equity Deal’’ waana in saamigaasi noqdo dabinka Itoobiya la gu soo xero galin karo. Itoobiya qudheedu ma ay yareysan ee Somaliland iyaba waxa ay u isticmaashay waxa loo yaqaan ‘’Bargaining Chip’’ oo ah maxaad ii haysaan ee aan ku doorsadaa dekedahaa kale?

Haddii ay Somaliland fekeri lahayd – maanta fekerka ay fekertay waa mid sax ah oo dani keentay ah. Cid wal oo sidaa yeeshayna anigu in aan ku ammaano ma ogiye kuma aan dhaliileen. Dhanka kale saamiga 19% ahi qiimo weyn ugu ma fadhiyo Somaliland – waayo weligeed dadkeedu ma ay dheefsan adeegga dekedda ka soo baxa ee 19% iyo 51% la ga kala siiyey Itoobiya iyo DP World. Cashuurta dhoofinta iyo alaab kala soo degista dekeddu waa halkeedii – waxana 100% iska leh Somaliland.

Waxa aan filnaa waa dekedda oo la ballaadhiyo, jidka oo la dhiso, Berbera oo kobocda oo qayrkeed hiigsata iyo Somaliland oo si weyn u macaashta qaddiyaddeeda siyaasiga ahina mac iyo muc u yeelato caalamka intiisa kale. Dadkayga waxa aan ka codsanayaa in aaney noqon war-xumo tashiil keliya e, ay noqdaan kuwa ku farxa waxa u soo kordha. Dadkaygu waa ay ka baqaan isbeddelka iyo waxa cusub – laakiin guusha waxa curiyaa waa hal-abuur wax cusub iyo ku dhac la la yimaaddo. Jimce Wanaagsan.

Mohamed Hagi Mohamoud

Daawo: Sheikh dirir oo karbaashey, ciidanka Somaliland iyo Puntland, iyo sidoo kale salaadiinta

Somalia: The hidind history’s you will know

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Somalia

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600s  Arab tribes establish the sultanate of Adel on the Gulf of Aden coast. 

1500 – 1600  Portuguese traders land on the east coast of Africa and start intermittent power struggles with the Sultanate of Zanzibar for control of port cities and surrounding towns. 

1840  The British East India Company signs treaties with the Sultan of Tajura for unrestricted trading rights.

1860s  France acquires foothold on the Somali coast, later to become Djibouti.

1875  Egypt occupies towns on Somali coast and parts of the interior.

1887   Britain proclaims protectorate over Somaliland after reaching  a final agreement with the local King Menelik and various tribal chiefs and draws a boundary with neighbouring Ethiopia to form British Somaliland. Besides trading interests, the British protectorate serves as a counterweight to the growing Italian influence in the key port city of neighbouring Zanzibar.

1888  Anglo-French agreement defines boundary between Somali possessions of the two countries.

1889  Italy sets up a protectorate in central Somalia, later consolidated with territory in the south ceded by the sultan of Zanzibar. 

1897 – 1907  Italy makes several agreements with tribal chiefs and the British to finally mark out the boundaries of a separate Italian protectorate of Somaliland. 

1908  The Italian Government assumes direct administration of Italian Somaliland, giving the territory a colonial status. 

1925  Territory east of the Jubba river detached from Kenya to become the westernmost part of the Italian protectorate. 

1936  Following decades of expansionism, Italy captures Addis Ababa and Ethiopia to form the province of Italian East Africa. 

June 1940 Italian troops drive out the British garrison and capture British Somaliland. 

1941  British recapture British Somaliland and most of Italian Somaliland. 

1941- 1959 Meanwhile, British Somaliland sees a period of colonial development as the territory moves towards a gradual development of local institutions and self-government. 

1947  Following Italy’s defeat in World War II, Italy renounces all rights and titles to Italian Somaliland. 

1950 The U.N. General Assembly adopts a resolution making Italian Somaliland a U.N. trust territory under Italian administrative control. 

1956  Italian Somaliland renamed Somalia and granted internal autonomy. 

1960 British and Italian Somaliland gain independence and merge to form the United Republic of Somalia. 

1960 – 1969 Two successive democratically elected governments attempt to balance the expansionist interests of pro-Arab, pan-Somali factions with interests in Somali-inhabited areas of Ethiopia and Kenya, and “modernist” factions whose priorities include economic and social development. 

1963  Border dispute with Kenya, diplomatic relations with Britain broken until 1968.

1964  Border dispute with Ethiopia erupts into hostilities.

1967  Abdi Rashid Ali Shermarke beats Aden Abdullah Osman Daar in elections for president. 

October 1969 Maj. Gen. Mohamed Siad Barre seizes power in a coup. Democratically elected President Abdi Rashid Ali Shermarke is assassinated. 

1970  Siad declares Somalia a socialist nation and undertakes literacy programs and planned economic development under the principles of “scientific socialism.” 

1972 – 1977 A period of persistent border clashes with Ethiopia for control of Ethiopia’s Ogaden region, which also sees a severe drought in the region that leads to widespread starvation. 

1974 Somalia and the Soviet Union sign a treaty of friendship. Somalia also joins the Arab League. 

1974-75  Severe drought causes widespread starvation.

1977 Somalia invades the Somali-inhabited Ogaden region of Ethiopia. 

1978 Following a gradual shifting of Soviet favour from Somalia to Ethiopia and the infusions of Soviet arms and Cuban troops to Ethiopia, Somali troops are pushed out of Ethiopian territory. 

1978 – 1990 A period of growing cooperation and strategic alliance between Somalia and the West begins. The United States becomes Somalia’s chief partner in defence and several Somali military officers are trained in U.S. military schools. 

1981  Opposition to Barre’s regime begins to emerge after he excludes members of the Mijertyn and Isaq clans from government positions, which are filled with people from his own Marehan clan.

1988  Peace accord with Ethiopia.

1991 At the end of a period of growing domestic factionalism, insurgency and an open war with clans in northwest Somalia that have left the country in economic shambles and forced thousands of Somalis to flee their homes, Siad is ousted by opposition clans and forced to flee to Nigeria, where he ultimately dies.

1991  Former British protectorate of Somaliland declares unilateral independence. 

December 1992 U.S. troops lead a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Somalia, under Operation Restore Hope, which begins with the arrival of 1,800 U.S. Marines landing at night on a Mogadishu beach. The peacekeeping mission included providing humanitarian assistance to Somalis and bringing peace to the troubled country. But while the humanitarian mission is quickly achieved, the peacekeeping force finds itself dragged into Somalia’s internecine battles. 

October 1993 For the United States, Operation Restore Hope reaches its nadir when members of the U.S. Army’s elite Delta Force and the Army Rangers are used to raid warlord headquarters and abduct them. In one such raid, the U.S. forces are dropped into a Mogadishu neighbourhood to snatch two lieutenants of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid. While the snatch and grab operation is successfully accomplished, trouble starts when two U.S. Black Hawk helicopters are shot down by rocket-propelled grenades. As U.S. Army Rangers attempt to rescue the crews of the downed helicopters, a mob of armed militiamen and angry Somalis descend on the site. A horrific carnage follows that ends only 15 hours later when a combined U.S./U.N. armoured convoy manages to reach the trapped Rangers and Delta operators. But for the world, the mission in Somalia would forever be gruesomely remembered for the 18 U.S. Army Rangers killed and footage of the exultant crowds dragging naked, mutilated bodies through the streets of Mogadishu. Despite domestic outrage, the U.S. continues to play a major role in the mission until 1994. 

1994 President Bill Clinton orders the withdrawal of the 30,000 U.S. troops on Somali soil. 

1995 Following the withdrawal of U.S. forces, the vanguard of the 21-nation Operation Restore Hope, the U.N. peacekeepers leave after an unsuccessful operation amidst charges of cruelty and even the murder of Somalis. By the end of the operation, dozens of U.N. peacekeepers were killed and hundreds of Somalis died at the hands of U.S. and U.N. forces. 

1996  Warlord Muhammad Aideed dies of his wounds and is succeeded by his son, Hussein.

1997 Following a complete administrative collapse, chiefs of some rival clans meet in the Egyptian capital of Cairo and agree to convene a conference to look into rival claims to Somalia. 

1998  Puntland region declares autonomy. 

August 2000 In the 13th such attempt to form a government, Somali warlords and militiamen meet in neighbouring Djibouti for peace talks organized by Djibouti President Omar Guellah. They elect Abdulkassim Salat Hassan president of Somalia. Hassan appoints Ali Khalif Gelayadh as his prime minister. But even as the new government attempts to start the parliamentary process in exile in Djibouti, some powerful warlords, notably Hossein Mohammed Aideed and Mohamed Ibrahim Egal do not recognize Hassan’s election. But Mogadishu’s most powerful clan leader, Ali Mahdi Mohamed, promises his support. 

October 2000 Hassan arrives in Mogadishu to a hero’s welcome and tight security. Gelayadh puts together a Cabinet of ministers, Somalia’s first government in 10 years. But Hassan’s administration has difficulty establishing control outside Mogadishu. 

March 2001 Aideed announces that he has patched up his differences with clan leaders Muse Sudi Yalahow and Osman Hassan Ali Atto and calls for a replacement of Hassan’s transitional government following a meeting between the leaders in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi. Meanwhile, opposition to Hassan has seen fighting rage on in the southern parts of the country as drought, security concerns and the criminalization of refugee camps along the Somali-Kenyan border periodically compels Kenya to halt cross-border trade, thereby further crippling the economically crumbling East African country. 

April 2001 Somali warlords, backed by Ethiopia, announce their intention to form a national government within six months, in direct opposition to the country’s transitional administration.

August 2001 UN appeals for food aid for half a million people in the drought-hit south.

August 2004 In 14th attempt since 1991 to restore central government, a new transitional parliament inaugurated at ceremony in Kenya. In October the body elects Abdullahi Yusuf as president.

December 2004 Tsunami waves generated by an undersea earthquake off Indonesia hit the Somali coast and the island of Hafun. Hundreds of deaths are reported; tens of thousands of people are displaced.

February – June 2005 Somali government begins returning home from exile in Kenya, but there are bitter divisions over where in Somalia the new parliament should sit.

November 2005 Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi survives an assassination attempt in Mogadishu. Gunmen attack his convoy, killing six people.

February 2006 Transitional parliament meets in Somalia – in the central town of Baidoa – for the first time since it was formed in Kenya in 2004.

March – May 2006 Scores of people are killed and hundreds are injured during fierce fighting between rival militias in Mogadishu. It is the worst violence in almost a decade. 

June – July 2006 Militias loyal to the Union of Islamic Courts take control of Mogadishu and other parts of the south after defeating clan warlords.

July – August 2006  Mogadishu’s air and seaports are re-opened for the first time since 1995.

September 2006  Transitional government and the Union of Islamic Courts begin peace talks in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum. Somalia’s first known suicide bombing targets President Yusuf outside parliament in Baidoa.

October 2006

First Russian diplomat sets foot in Somaliland for over 38 years

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Thursday, May 11, 2017

First Russian diplomat sets foot in Somaliland for over 38 years

Somaliland – (MoFA) – The Foreign Minister met with the Deputy Consular of Russia Yury Kourchakov who is based in Djibouti.
This was the first time a Russian diplomat set foot in Somaliland for over 38 years.
This occasion was a meet and greet for the Consular to meet the Foreign Minister, and to discuss enhancing ties between the two states.
 

Dr. Saad Shire (Left) and  Yury Kourchakov
The Foreign Minister explained the struggle Somaliland faced and with virtually no help, Somaliland has earned the label of “emerging democracy” . Somaliland is a remarkable success story that cannot be denied while its neighbor Somalia is unstable. Foreign Minister said ” The Republic of Somaliland should get the international recognition it deserves not only because it is right, but because it is in the best interests of the World for the sake of stability and peace in the region.”
The Representative of Somaliland in Djibouti travelled along with the Deputy Consular of Russia to Somaliland and met prior to this meeting they both had a fruitful discussion. The Representative of Somaliland went on to say “I hope you will see the peace and stability Somaliland enjoys while we travel to Berbera and historical places of Somaliland.”
The Russian Diplomat thanked the Foreign Minister for their warm reception and hopes to revisit Somaliland. The Republic of Somaliland and Russia hope to increase its cooperation to strengthen the economic ties that will be beneficial for both countries